The Electric Climate Model
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COSPAR 2002 Houston: D2.3-E2.3. Solar Variability and Climate Change:



L.Körtvélyessy Observatory Kleve, Germany Fax:+49-2821-17626

The terrestrial climate is the most important part of astrophysics and geophysics to avoid a threatening climate catastrophe.

Does the Sun heat variably by its varying magnetic fields? The main problem of all magnetic models is that SOHO found neither a "solar dynamo" nor "deep magnetic tubes". Also TRACE discovered too thin and straight filaments which could not have emerged through the boiling solar layers but grew out geyser-like from one foot-point. NASA stated some months ago that a "magnetic tube" would be unstable due to its own magnetic repulsion.

A new, an electric climate-model is described based on the solar thermoelectric processes. TRACE- and LASCO-pictures show that solar filaments have an exact circular cross section i.e. they are electric direct currents shaped by the pinch-effect. Our climate is maximally correlated to the aa index of the magnetic storms which are the results of solar direct currents conducting by Earth. The burning out of the transformers of Hydro-Quebec (in 1989) is re-analysed on the base of these positive direct currents. The results are that the positive (active) Sun repulses the positive cosmic ray particles which are seeds of clouds. In addition, new movies show that this active Sun directly charges our clouds positively via red sprites during a proton storm. The hit clouds emit gamma rays and are perhaps diffused by this solar positive charge. Both effects could be responsible for the fact that the area of the clouds was found to be by 2-4.5 % lower in the middle magnetic latitudes during the last solar maximum. Parallel to both electric influences, the sunspots were re-discovered as "awesome solar hurricanes". ACRIM showed that their huge rotational energy can increase the solar irradiation. The present 88 year period will end in about 2045 probably with the highest irradiation of the last two millennia.

Filaments of a red sprite (by Pasko): image by Pasko

Filaments of auora by Clark: Image by Clark

Are red sprites of the solar origin?

  • The direction of their velocity is from up to down.
  • The velocity of the flight of the red sprites downwards is 10 000 km/s. No terrestrial electricity could produce this very high velocity. Also the biggest lightnings have the velocity of only some hundred km/s.
  • The hit cloud emits gamma rays. Only solar processes can do this.
  • The solar influence on the climate is almost sure due to the strong correlation of the geomagnetic storms to the climate. But this influence is probably not only the result of less cosmic ray particles. They produce very much secondary particles but not enough to produce big clouds. Moreover, the path of these seeds remain very small, some meters in diameter. Therefore, another solar effect is necessary. An electric diffusion of clouds seems to be effective. The diameter of the red sprites is about 40 km, much larger than that of the particles of the cosmic rays.
  • Weaker charged particles fly along the magnetic fields to the poles and cause auroras, but the stronger ones could arrive at the observed areas.
copyright 2003 by Dr. László Körtvélyessy email @